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The major diseases affecting dogs

How do you recognize the early symptoms of a disease and know when to take your dog to the vet? Below is a list of the common diseases, disorders and symptoms that will help you to quickly identify if your pet is healthy or needs medical attention.

  • Parasitic diseases
    • Flea allergy dermatitis (FAD)

      Itching is caused when the irritating saliva of the flea penetrates the dog's blood. But if the dog is allergic to flea saliva, symptoms can be more frequent and intense and can include alopecia (fur loss). In an effort to relieve the itching, the dog will scratch, chew and lick himself. FAD can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs (corticosteroids) and a cream for the skin.

    • Piroplasmosis (ticks)

      This deadly disease is transmitted by the bite of a tick, and leads to anemia and the destruction of red blood cells. The incubation period lasts approximately 5 days after the bite. Common symptoms to watch for are high fever, loss of appetite, vomiting and dark urine. If you suspect your dog is infected, it’s imperative that you get him to an emergency vet clinic as soon as possible.

  • Digestive disorders
    • Diarrhea

      Diarrhea can be a symptom of many infections: parasitic, viral, bacterial or digestive. Consequently, you’ll need your vet to determine the cause. In the most severe cases of diarrhea, the dog’s entire system can be affected and he can also suffer from fever, depression and dehydration. In such cases, an immediate change in diet and a veterinary consultation are urgently needed.

    • Vomiting

      If your dog vomits a kind of yellow/green "foam" after eating grass, his system is being purged. It’s a normal process that allows your dog to naturally rid himself of internal parasites. However if your dog vomits bile several times in a row, appears depressed and loses his appetite, take him to the vet to ensure that it’s not a sign of a more serious disease.

Why is grooming important for my pet?

You might think grooming your pets is just to keep them looking good. But it's also about maintaining your pet's physical health.

Grooming helps to remove dead hair, dirt, tangles and dandruff. While you brush, the natural oils spread through your pet's fur, leaving the coat with a healthy sheen.

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